“A Myofascial Trigger Point is a discrete, hyper-irritable module in a taut band of skeletal muscle that is palpable and tender during the physical examination.”
Myofascial trigger points (MFTPs) are a common cause of chronic neck and back pain. They are segments of muscle that are thought to be subjected to trauma by an injury or micro trauma from repetitive stress. MFTPs are a very common condition, up to 55% of neck pain and 85% back pain are caused by myofascial pain. Usually, women are more affected than men, starting from the age of 30 to 50 years. MFTPs frequently produce neurological complaints, including dizziness, headache, and sensory symptoms.
A Quick Overview of Myofascial Pain
Myofascial pain refers to discomfort within a muscle and the connective tissue around it, also known as “fascia.” Fascia is a strong flexible tissue that covers the muscles. Imagine a spider web surrounding all of your muscles and bones. Everything is held together and in place by fascia. It is impressively flexible and infinitely adaptable. The pain is produced by the muscle knots. If you are suffering from myofascial pain, you may feel like your muscles are so tense that they’ve curled up into knots, which may trigger irritation, tenderness or tingling near the specific points in the body.
Since fascia is a very strong, connected spider web-like body system, when one spot on it gets tugged or pulled or injured, the effects ripple throughout the body. This is why a person can experience a pain in the knee that may have nothing to do with an injury. Imagine pulling a thread from a sweater only to find the whole thing bunching up on one side. That bunching is exactly what happens to fascia when our bodies experience stress, whether an injury, inflammation or repetitive activity.
Common Myofascial Release Buy Compressive Techniques
In the Myofascial release technique, sustained pressure is applied to points of restriction ( those tangled knots ), allowing the connective tissue to release. It should be done correctly because if you jab your finger sharply into the “knot”, you are only going to hurt yourself. But if you apply your finger on the knot and gently apply pressure, you’ll find you can slowly sink into the knot, melting your way into it. This is essentially what is happening when an MFT therapist works on the body, or if you perform Self Myofascial Release using myofascial release tools like rollers or a tennis ball.
Self-myofascial release is not a new concept. It can help with recovery and pain relief. It might sound technical, but it is very simple and it has many benefits; These techniques are designed to go in and smooth out those hard knots, returning the fascia to its normal fluid and adaptable self.
- Relieving mental and physical stress
- Increasing blood flow and circulation
- Increase the flexibility of your joints
- Eliminating tensions in your muscles
- Reducing scar tissue and adhesion
- Help reduce pain by releasing endorphins.
But beware, because self-myofascial techniques are not appropriate for everyone. It should not be used in the following:
- Clients with acute rheumatoid arthritis
- Badly bruised, swollen and inflamed areas of the body
- Broken bones
- Clients that have an aneurysm, because it is very dangerous to the nerve.
- Clients with hypersensitive skin
- Most especially, not suitable and not recommended for pregnant women.
Massaging the shoulder retractors helps you address any imbalances throughout the spine and shoulder. It prepares the tissues for subsequent strengthening exercise. Try to do this at home to alleviate the tensions in your muscles.
- Lie on the floor with your knees bent. You can also use a small pillow as a support for your head.
- Put your arms at the back of your head, and place the tennis ball under your upper back next to the shoulder blade.
- Find the sore spot and hold to release tension.
- Lastly, move the ball gently to another spot and hold to release tension.
You can do these steps on other tense parts of your body for about 20 to 30 seconds per spot every day.
Myofascial Decompression (MFD)
All the myofascial release techniques above are all common “compressive” techniques. There is another impressive and effective way to treat myofascial, known as Myofascial Decompression (MFD) - the only “decompressive,” negative-pressure technique.
Athletes are among the most popular groups of people to use Cupping, also known as Myofascial Decompression, to treat soft tissue injuries in order to reduce soreness and speed up the healing of overworked muscles.
Myofascial Decompression is a negative pressure technique used in conjunction with active movements which make biomechanical structural changes in order to
- Decrease myofascial dysfunction
- Increase blood flow to a slow healing muscle, tendon or ligament
- Improve muscle flexibility, tissue tension, joint mobility, strength, and pain.
- Break up adhesions/scar tissue already present
- Reduce scar tissue formation
- Release trigger points and decrease tightness in a muscle and the surrounding fascia
Pain Management Cupping Set to do at home
MFD can target both superficial and deep fascial tissue and research has shown that it can increase both a muscle’s length and its strength in elite athletes. MFD therapy also relieves pain by acting as a counterirritant and a decompressor of any type of nerve entrapment or compression.
If you are an athlete or you do work out regularly, myofascial release therapy may be a good preventative measure to reduce the risk of a sports-related injury. If you live with pelvic health challenges, back pain, neck pain, frequent headaches, anxiety, depression, you may also try this therapy to lessen and alleviate your pain.